Conehead termites were originally called tree termites but the name was changed to avoid confusion about their habitat. These termites originally came to US in 2001 from Caribbean. The specie was destroyed by 2003 but recent reports have confirmed that it still exists in different parts of Florida.
Dampwood termites are larger in size than other termites and they have a unique way of infesting wood. They leave a moisture content on the wood surface that causes dampness in the wood. Queen termite of dampwood specie can be as large as ½ inch with fairly large pair of wings that goes beyond the abdomen. Worker termites size around ¾ inch.
They are independent of soil and only require dry wood to cause infestation.
Formosan termites have their origin in China. These termites can grow up to ½ inch in size. Formosan termites are known for their aggression and resistance. Most pest technicians believe that formosan termites are the most voracious among 2000 termite species discovered so far.
Subterranean termites make underground colonies. They choose moist areas for colonies. A regular Subterranean colony can have up to million termites. To find food sources, they dig under the ground, making distinctive mud tubes. These termites can grow up to 1/8 inch. Reproductive termites can grow even up to one inch in size. A Subterranean termite colony is usually categorized into different sectors, each having its own role. Each colony has a sector of soldier termites. These can be recognized from their cream-colored bodies and strong mandibles.